The founding fathers of the Turkish Republic had to fight several military and diplomatic battles for every inch of land. In 1918, the Allied powers occupied Istanbul, the capital of the former Ottoman state, forcing the imperial rulers to sign a very dishonorable peace treaty, the Treaty of Sevres. Lloyd George said the treaty was a “pathetic, cowardly and infamous surrender.”   At the time of signing this contract are the property, rights and interests the restitution of which is provided for in Article 65. liquidated by the authorities of one of the High Contracting Parties, that Contracting Party shall be exempted from the obligation to restore such property, rights and interest by paying the proceeds of liquidation to the owner. Where the joint arbitration tribunal provided for in Section V finds, at the request of the owner, that the liquidation has not been carried out under conditions which guarantee the achievement of a reasonable price, it shall be empowered, in the event of agreement between the parties, to order the deposit of the proceeds of the liquidation in an amount it deems appropriate. These assets, rights and interests will be restored if payment is not made within two months of the agreement concluded with the owner or according to the aforementioned decision of the Mixed Court of Arbitration. “Eighty-four years have passed. We have previously stated that it is necessary to update the treaty,” Erdogan said, addressing the Turkish minority in the Greek region of Thrace. All matters arising from the recognition of the State of Egypt are governed by agreements which will then be negotiated in a manner that will then be defined between the Powers concerned. The provisions of this Treaty relating to territories separated from Turkey under the said Treaty shall not apply to Egypt. (b) (b) leases and leases of land and houses between individuals. The creation of all new borders between Turkey and neighbouring countries, as well as the operation of connections between these stations, are governed by agreements also concluded. We can understand some aspects of the persistent differences between Turkey and the West, which Western countries fear with the end of the treaty, that Turkey finds the justification for its intervention in Mosul, which belonged to Turkey for more than four centuries, until it lost it in the First World War.
• Turkey renounced sovereignty over Cyprus, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Iraq and the Levant, with the exception of the situation of cities in Syria, such as Urfa, Adana and Gaziantep and Kells and Mrash, and the Ottoman Empire renounced its political and financial rights with regard to Egypt and Sudan from November 1914. • provides for the independence of the Republic of Turkey and the protection of the Greek Orthodox Christian minority in Turkey and the Muslim minority in Greece, and obliges the Turkish Government to preserve the lives of all citizens, their rights and freedom on their territory, and they have the same rights before the law before the law, regardless of their origin and nationality; The language and religion, but most of the Christian population in Turkey and the Turkish population in Greece, had been fed on the basis of the treaty of exchange of the Greek and Turkish populations already signed between Greece and Turkey, noting that the Aunanao Istanbul and Lambros and Tendos (about 270,000 at that time) and the Muslim population of Western Thrace (about 129,120 P 1923). Paragraph 14 of the treaty granted the Kogchi Islands (Lambros) and Bozjaadh (Tendos) a “special administrative organization”, a right that was repealed by the Turkish government on February 17, 1926. . .