The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the Withdrawal Agreement, with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (removal of the backstop) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. As soon as a subsequent Agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom enters into force after the entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement, this Protocol shall not apply or enter into force from the date of application of this Agreement and in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement which lay down the effect of this Agreement in this Protocol; (b) if it is not possible to reach agreement on the inclusion of the newly adopted act in the relevant Annex to this Protocol, you shall examine all other possibilities for maintaining the proper functioning of this Protocol and omit all purposes necessary for that purpose. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border settlement and dispute settlement. It also contains a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it met with opposition from the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242, and rejected a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 10, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by the Boris Johnson government opened the first stage in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated authorisation programme did not receive the necessary support and announced his intention to proclaim a general election.
 On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement. On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then closed by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. On 19 October, Parliament also declared that a political agreement had been reached. The EU published draft legislation on 18 March 2020. It covers all areas covered by the negotiations, including commercial and economic cooperation (with strong competitive conditions for open and fair competition), criminal prosecution and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, participation in Union programmes and other thematic areas of cooperation. . . .